Hair transplant is an operation that takes hair from the back of head and implanted into bald areas. The fringe (back and sides) of hair on scalp is known as donor dominant hair which will continue to grow throughout life of most men.
Hair transplant involves moving one’s own hair from back of the head (strong zone) to the balding areas (weak zone) in the front and other areas. This process works well since the hair follicles taken from the back of the head are genetically resistant to baldness and last quite long.
Since the procedure involves one’s own hair, the results are quite natural. The density after final growth depends on the thickness of the follicular units which varies from individual to individual.
There are basically two methods for Hair Transplant- one is called the FUT or strip method and the other is called the FUE technique.
In the STRIP method, a strip of skin from the back of head (donor area) is removed and the gap at the back is then sutured together. The strip is then divided into grafts containing one, two or three follicles.
FUE – Follicular Unit Extraction: In this technique, follicular units are extracted from the back of head with the help of special motorised micro punches and implanted in the bald area. In this procedure, no strip is taken out and neither stitches are applied. Also by this technique, multiple areas can be assessed apart from scalp like beard, chest, etc. for harvesting of grafts in severe grades of baldness.
Hair transplant is done on outpatient basis. A session of 2500 to 2800 grafts normally takes about 4 hours. Most patients arrive in the morning and have their procedure completed by early afternoon.
Patients are advised to have their breakfast or any meal before the procedure. They are also advised to wash their scalp thoroughly with any regular shampoo, no trimming is advised for the clients. Those who are hypertensives or any hormonal treatment, they are advised to have their regular medications before surgery.
Pain is experienced only during the period when Patients are given local anaesthesia in the donor and recipient areas. Most patients find that once the anaesthesia is given they feel no pain or discomfort during the surgery. Following surgery patients will typically feel some amount of soreness and numbness, with some mild discomfort such as heaviness.
The number of grafts depends on the degree of hair loss, areas one wants to get covered in one session. All these aspects are discussed between the client and Dr. Sukhbir Singh during the initial consultation including the cost and other details and instructions to be followed.
Things have become very refined and even the punches are more sophisticated and cause least tissue damage thereby leading to better and faster healing. Patients can resume their normal routine work in a day or so. Only heavy activities like gymming, running, swimming, helmet use are restricted for few days following the procedure. Mild swelling can be experienced which settles down in a day or so. Mild numbness or redness may be there on the scalp for few weeks following surgery which is quite normal.
Soon after surgery there is a small dressing which is removed anytime after 24-48 hours. After the dressing removal patients can wear normal loose fitting cap and can carry on their normal routine work. Clients are advised to start shampooing the very next day after dressing removal, instructions are explained to the client directly by Dr Sukhbir singh or one his personal assistants. Patients are informed that initial redness or swelling shall be there which shall subside in a few days time. Small scabs form which the patient will not remove himself by pulling, they shall automatically fall off with regular shampoo. Gentle shampoo is advised every alternate day for first 3-4 weeks. Heavy activities as advised above are restricted for the clients. The transplanted hair shafts usually fall off within couple of weeks and new hairs start growing at 3 months and thereafter they have a steady growth for the same.
The transplanted hairs are usually permanent as they have a long shelf life and are without any hormonal influence. They donot have any tendency to fall unless there is a fulminant infection which is quite rare. For any other query u can speak with Dr. Sukhbir Singh directly or one of his personal assistants shall help u in the same.
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